Getting a damp basement is not probably one of the happiest of news possible. It is hard to locate moisture entry into a basement room and one of the most simple test is to tape a piece of aluminum foil to the inside of the walls in the basement and let it be there over night. If in the morning, there is a film of moisture accumulated on the foil, it demonstrates the presence of moisture or points to the need to take preventive steps to clear up the basement.
- Concrete sealants
These are typically additives to the concrete cement and brushed on to the walls along with slurry of concrete. They are rather simple to apply and it does not require much of a preparatory work either, it is even possible to brush on the slurry in the presence of a little moisture as well. But the key criterion is to have the mixture dry as fast as possible as it could have a strong bearing on the quality of seal that is formed on the mixture coating.
- Silicate based sealers
The silicate sealers are additives that are added to water to be brushed on to the walls outer layer. Most of the cracks and holes are sealed over by the silicate fibers which tend to create an impermeable coat over the surface. But unlike the concrete sealers, the silicate sealers can be used on surfaces that have been painted over and done to a finish. The time taken to affect a complete seal of the surface is much smaller in the case of silicate sealants.
- Acrylic paints
Commonly acrylic paints are seen to be used in practically most household paint works but in the case of water proofing, acrylic paints are used to form a sealant surface so that the moisture and dampness is kept out of the basement or other building parts. The main disadvantage of the acrylic paints is that it needs a completely dry surface to be applied to and takes a fair amount of time to dry out too.
If ever there were a strong point to using acrylic paints, then it has to be that there are many shades that are available in the market. Thus there is no dearth of choice and the ability to match the color to the needs of the situation.
- Sheets of barriers
The barrier here refers to the layers of plastic or acrylic or even metal that can be placed to prevent the ingress of water at best. Some of the barrier types are screwed onto the walls or even attached with a strong binder to prevent the seepage of water. When it comes to the actual effectiveness of the solutions, it is the quality of the binders that decide on the success of the final solution. It is here that metal sheets like aluminum come to play a strong role in the creation of the barriers.